A CNC production facility needs three pieces of equipment:
A Computer: The computer is used to draw the design. However, the
design is only a picture and the CNC machine cannot use this to manufacture
the product. The computer software must also convert the drawing into numbers
(coordinates) that the CNC machine can use when it starts to cut and shape the
material. The computer is used to input the design. Technical software such as
CAD software is used to draw the design. The computer connects to the
An Interface: A computer can't be directly connected to a CNC
machine. It's connected to an interface. This converts the signals from the
computer to a form the CNC machine understands. The signals are in the form of
digital signals when they are sent to the CNC machine.
CNC Machine: (A lathe, mill, cutter, drill system). The signals
from the interface control the motors on the CNC machine. The signals
determine the way the vice moves. The vice moves in three directions X, Y and
Z. (Horizontally, vertically and depth). The signals also control the speed of
the cutting tool.